ANZAC DAY Trivia – Lest We Forget

ANZAC-soldier carried
What is does the acronym ANZAC stand for?
Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
The ANZACs stood, and still stand, for reckless valour in a good cause, for enterprise, resourcefulness, fidelity, comradeship and endurance that will never own defeat or know surrender. The uncompromising standards set by the stretcher-bearers, the medical officers, the staff, the company leaders and the privates had always been a part of the tradition not only of ANZACs but of the Australian and New Zealand peoples.

How is ANZAC significant especially to the state of Queensland?
Queensland has a vested interest in ANZAC. It is generally conceded that the first man ashore on 25 April was Lieutenant D. Chapman, 9th Battalion AIF, from Maryborough, Queensland. He was killed in battle at Pozieres in 1916.

Where is Gallipoli?
Gallipoli is a peninsula of land in western Turkey separating the Aegean Sea and the Dardanelles: the famous site of the costly but unsuccessful campaign by the Allies in the First World War.

Tell me how Gallipoli made the ANZACs so famous in history.
On the landing of the Corps on the Gallipoli Peninsula at the Dardanelles, on 25 April 1915,it was not merely that 7600 Australians and nearly 2500 New Zealanders were killed or mortally wounded, and 24,000 more (19,000 Australians and 5,000 New Zealanders)were injured, while fewer than 100 were prisoners.

How many ANZACs were killed on the very first day of the Gallipoli battle, 25 April 1915?
2000.

What is the Victoria cross?
The highest British Commonwealth award for the most conspicuous bravery in the presence of the enemy.

Where is the Australian War Memorial located?
In Canberra, the Australian Capital Territory

Why do the veterans carry banners on ANZAC Day?
Banners are colourful visual records of the veterans’ units’ insignias, mottos, battle histories and honours which are used as rallying points for ceremonies of significance such as ANZAC Day and other memorial services. Ex-service unit members march behind their banners on ANZAC Day.

Why were Australian soldiers called ‘Diggers’?
The nickname “Digger” is attributed to the number of ex-gold diggers in the early army units and to the trench digging activities of the Australian soldiers during WW1. The actual origin of the name has been lost in time, however, the Australian soldier is known affectionately round the world as Digger.

The Rising Sun Badge
In 1902 a badge was urgently sought for the Australian contingents raised after Federation for service in South Africa during the Boer War. In 1991, a new design was produced which is now on issue. The inscription on the scroll now reads – THE AUSTRALIAN ARMY.

Affectionately referred to until today as the ‘Rising Sun’ badge, it is worn on the up-turned brim of a slouch hat and is a well-known emblem of the ‘Spirit of ANZAC’ – a symbol of the camaraderie of Australian soldiers who gallantly fought for the Crown and the British Empire. The badge honours the esprit-de-corps of the soldiers of the 1st and 2nd AIF (Australian Imperial Forces) during World War 1 and 2.

The bayonets on the shield which in the badge design has been ‘arranged in a semi-circle around the Crown’ was symbolic of the co-operation of the naval and military forces of the Commonwealth.

Red Poppy
In Australia, single poppies are not usually worn on ANZAC Day – the poppy really belongs to Remembrance Day, 11 November. However, wreaths of poppies are traditionally placed at memorials and honour boards on ANZAC Day.

Long known as the corn poppy that flourishes as a weed in grain fields, the Flanders poppy as it is now usually called, grew profusely in the trenches and craters of the war zone. Artillery shells and shrapnel had stirred up the earth and exposed the seeds to the light they needed to germinate.

This same poppy also flowers in Turkey in early spring – as it did in April 1915 when the ANZACs landed at Gallipoli. According to Australia’s official war historian C.E.W.Bean, a valley south of ANZAC beach got its name Poppy Valley “from the field of brilliant red poppies near its mouth”.

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